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Suzanne Simone Baptiste Louverture

February 22, 2016

Suzanne Simone Baptiste Louverture was born in 1742 and died May 19, 1816. She was a freed former slave woman who married Toussaint Louverture in 1781. She was deemed as a strong family woman, and devoutly loyal to Toussaint. Her first son Placide Louverture was adopted by Toussaint. He was born on December 28, 1781, and died July 1, 1841. Toussaint's first d son Isaac Louverture was born in 1786 and died September 26, 1854. Saint John Louverture, Toussaint's second son was born in 1791 and died January 8, 1804.


In 1802 Toussaint Louverture and his family was captured by Leclerc's troops who used trickery to deceive him. While Toussaint was held in captivity, Suzanne Toussaint and her children were transported to Bayonne, France. From there they were supervised by General Ducos and were not allowed to visit Toussaint Louverture. Toussaint wrote about how felt about the French government separating him from his family, "Government should do me more justice: my wife and children have done nothing and have nothing to answer for; they should be sent home to watch over our interests. Gen. Leclerc has occasioned all this evil; but I am at the bottom of a dungeon, unable to justify myself. Government is too just to keep my hands tied, and allow Gen. Leclerc to abuse me thus, without listening to me." In Fort de Joux in France, Toussaint wrote, "I am separated from all that I hold dearest in the world ...from a dearly-loved wife, who, I fear, separated from me, cannot endure the afflictions which overwhelm her, and from a cherished family, who made the happiness of my life."


While his secretary and servant Mars Plaisir was leaving Toussaint stated, "Carry my last farewell to my wife, my children, and my niece. Would I could console thee under this cruel separation: be assured of my friendship and of the remembrance which I shall always preserve of thy services and of thy devotedness." 


Suzanne Louverture outlived her husband and youngest son, Saint-Jean who died in 1804 in Agen, France. Suzanne wasn't able to conquer her grief from their deaths, her emotional instability was deeply rooted and undermined her capability to make decisions. She died in 1816, embrace of her sons, Placide and Isaac. 

Be Entertained. Be Enlightened. Be Loved. ✌

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